Vulnerability: The term "vulnerability" represents security flaws in hardware, software, or configuration of a device or process.
Risk: The term "risk" refers to the likelihood of being targeted by a given attack, of an attack being successful, and general exposure to a given threat. As can be seen, risk occurs when both the threat and vulnerability are present.
Some of the threats which are specific to the wireless networks
1. War driving: Wardriving is the act of searching for Wi-Fi wireless networks by a person usually in a moving vehicle, using a laptop or smartphone.
2. Warchalking: Warchalking refers to drawing symbols in public spaces to denote an open Wi-Fi wireless network in a public space.
1. Dos(Denial-of-service): DoS attacks, are explicit attempts to block legitimate users system access by reducing system availability. DoS attacks exploit this to target mission-critical services.
2. Social engineering: Social engineering is a skill that an attacker uses to trick an innocent person such as an employee of a company into doing a favor.