Windows 2000 Professional exam counts towards Core requirements for MCSE. Passing Windows 2000 Professional exam, you achieve Microsoft Certified Professional status. You also earn credit toward the following certifications:
Expect some simulation type of questions in the Microsoft exams. There will be about 50 questions and duration of the exam is 120 minutes. The passing score is 620. However, please note that Microsoft may change its exam format, number of questions, etc. For further details please visit official website here
EAP:Extensible Authentication Protocol.
RIS: Remote Installation Services.
1. Hardware Requirements for installing Windows 2000 Prof. Or Server:
|Hardware component||Windows 2000 Professional||Windows 2000 Server/ Advanced Server|
|Display||VGA or better||VGA or better|
|Network card||Optional||Optional (Required if you are installing over the network).|
|CD ROM Drive||Required||Required (unless loading from network)|
2. In Windows 2000, if Passwords Must Meet "Complexity Requirements" setting is enabled; the password should contain at least one character from minimum 3 of the following 4 categories.
3. The standard Windows 2000 NTFS permissions that can be applied to files are given below:
4. A Group Policy implemented on the local computer is known as "Local Group Policy". Local Group Policy files and folders are stored in the %systemroot%\System32\GroupPolicy folder.
6. If you want your computer to become a member of a domain, the computer should be connected over the network to the domain controller. Also, administrator privileges (that you need to supply login and password) are required for join a computer in the domain. A Windows 2000 computer can be made to join a domain at a latter time after installation.
7. Upgrade to Windows 2000:
Windows 95/98, Windows NT 3.51, Windows NT 4.0 WS can be upgraded to Windows 2000 Professional. You can't upgrade Windows 3.1 and Windows for workgroups to Windows 2000 Professional. If you need to install 2000 Prof. on Windows 3.x, you need to upgrade to Windows 95/98 or NT first, and then upgrade to 2000 Prof. It is easier to do a clean install of Windows 2000 on Windows 3.x machines.
When you want to upgrade you existing OS to Windows 2000, you need to ensure that you have software upgrade packs available. Some applications that run on previous versions of Windows may not run on Windows 2000. Effectively, you not only need to buy the upgrade to the OS, but also, the upgrades to the applications. An example is Adaptec's Easy CD creator version 3.x runs on Windows 98, but does not run on Windows 2000 Prof. You need to buy next version (4.x) to work on Windows 2000 OS.
You need to ensure the following before the upgrade:
8. Control Panel:
You can use Regional Options to support additional languages on your computer. With the support of additional languages, you will be able to edit documents written in those languages. You can also set locale specific to any region using this Option.
You use Scanners and Cameras to install device drivers for a new scanner or a digital camera. Once the Camera or Scanner is installed, you can use the Imaging application to initiate the transfer of images from your scanner or camera to your Windows 2000 computer. You can access the Imaging application through Start -> Programs -> Accessories -> Imaging.
Add/ Remove Hardware is used to install new hardware.
An accessibility option is used to configure the keyboard, display, and mouse options on a computer to accommodate the users who are physically handicapped.
The Add/ Remove Programs is used to install / uninstall 3rd party software. This is also used for installing / uninstalling Windows 2000 optional components.
The system applet in the Control panel has five tabs.
The Hardware tab allows us to
Virtual memory size can be set by accessing Control Panel -> System -> Advanced tab. Total virtual memory available to your computer can be set by changing the available paging file size. Advanced tab is also used for setting the "Application" priority. By selecting the "Application" button, foreground programs are given more processor resources than the background programs.
You can use Start up and Recovery options in the Advanced tab of System applet to set the operating system that gets loaded by default, the time duration in seconds that the list of operating systems is displayed, etc.
9. Computer's name or its workgroup or the domain membership can be changed using the Network Identification tab in the System Properties dialog box. You need to reboot your computer for the change to become effective.
Windows 98 supports FAT (FAT16) and FAT32. It doesn't support NTFS file system. If you need to install 2000 Professional with Windows 98 on the same partition for dual boot, you can install either on the FAT file systems or on the FAT32 for dual boot.
You don't need to have a network card installed for successful installation of Windows 2000 Professional. You can use loop back adapter for this purpose and proceed with the installation.
When you install Windows 2000 in the same folder as that of Windows 95/ Windows 98/ Windows NT, the operating system gets upgraded to Windows 2000.
Blue screen messages are also called STOP messages. You will not be allowed to proceed, when a blue screen message appears.
The most likely cause of blue screen messages are:
Pressing F8 during boot process in Windows 2000 desk top bring up the following options:
11. You can access Computer Management screen through:
System tools can be accessed through "Computer Management" screen. System tools contain the following:
These are very useful tools to a system administrator.
12. File names can be 255 characters long on a FAT, FAT32, and NTFS file systems.
13. You use Disk Defragmenter to analyze and defragment disk volumes.
14. By default, Windows 2000 stores a user's profile in the C:\Documents and Settings\ user_name folder on the computer the user logs on. When a new user logs on, his initial user profile is same as that of either the local, or domain-wide "default user" profile folder. The local default user profile folder is located in %root%\Documents and Settings. For example, if you have installed Windows 2000 in C drive, it is C:\Documents and Settings.
15. You can configure support for multiple displays on your Windows 2000 computer. This is done through the use of Control Panel -> Display -> Settings. A Windows 2000 computer can support up to ten display monitors at the same time. Use additional video cards as required.
16. Mandatory user profiles can't be modified and saved by a user. Though a user changes his environment during a logon session, the user profile is set back to the original profile the next time the user logs on. First creating a roaming user profile and then renaming the .Dat extension to .Man extension create a mandatory user profile.
17. You can't apply file level permissions on a FAT file system. Only NTFS allows file permissions.
18. If a user has "Write" NTFS permission to a file, and the file has "Read" attribute set, the attribute set to the file (or folder) takes precedence over the user permissions.
19. When a file is moved to a different NTFS volume, it inherits the NTFS permissions from the destination folder.
You can assign the following three printer permissions to users and groups:
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