Juniper® JNCIA Exam Cram Notes : Collision Domains And Broadcast Domains

1. Networking Fundamentals

1.1 Collision domains and broadcast domains

A collision domain is, as the name implies, a part of a network where packet collisions can occur. A collision occurs when two devices send a packet at the same time on the shared network segment. The packets collide and both devices must send the packets again, which reduces network efficiency. Collisions are often in a hub environment, because each port on a hub is in the same collision domain. By contrast, each port on a bridge, a switch or a router is in a separate collision domain. Each port of the switch belongs to a single collision domain. In case of switch, the collision domain is limited to each device and in a hub, the collision domain includes all devices connected to the hub.

A broadcast domain is a domain in which a broadcast is forwarded. A broadcast domain contains all devices that can reach each other at the data link layer (OSI layer 2) by using broadcast. All ports on a hub or a switch are by default in the same broadcast domain. All ports on a router are in the different broadcast domains and routers don't forward broadcasts from one broadcast domain to another.

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