Installing, Configuring, and Administering Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional
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EAP:Extensible Authentication Protocol.
RIS: Remote Installation Services.
1. Hardware Requirements for installing Windows 2000 Prof. Or Server:
In Windows 2000, if Passwords Must Meet Complexity
Requirements” setting is enabled; the password should
contain at least one character from minimum 3 of the
following 4 categories.
1. Lower case alphabetic characters
2. Upper case alphabetic characters
4. Special characters
3. The standard Windows 2000 NTFS permissions that can be applied to files are given below:
View the file's contents, attributes.
execute: Users can read and execute the file
Write, or append data to the file, view files attributes
Users can read, write, execute, and/or delete the file
Control: Users will have full control on the file. They
can change the file permissions and take ownership of
A Group Policy implemented on the local computer is
known as "Local Group Policy". Local Group
Policy files and folders are stored in the %systemroot%\System32\GroupPolicy
and Group share permissions are additive. The least
restrictive permission will be the users effective
permission. One exception to this is "No
Access". If a group has "No Access" to a
share, then a user, who is member of the group will not
have access to the share; even if the user is give
"Full Control". No Access takes precedence
Internet Explorer and Windows Explorer can be used for
assigning Share and NTFS permissions.
If you want your computer to become a member of a
domain, the computer should be connected over the
network to the domain controller. Also, administrator
privileges (that you need to supply login and password)
are required for join a computer in the domain. A
Windows 2000 computer can be made to join a domain at a
latter time after installation.
Upgrade to Windows 2000:
Windows 95/98, Windows NT 3.51, Windows NT 4.0 WS can be
upgraded to Windows 2000 Professional. You can’t
upgrade Windows 3.1 and Windows for workgroups to
Windows 2000 Professional. If you need to install 2000
Prof. on Windows 3.x, you need to upgrade to Windows
95/98 or NT first, and then upgrade to 2000 Prof. It is
easier to do a clean install of Windows 2000 on Windows
When you want to upgrade you existing OS to Windows 2000,
you need to ensure that you have software upgrade packs
available. Some applications that run on previous
versions of Windows may not run on Windows 2000.
Effectively, you not only need to buy the upgrade to the
OS, but also, the upgrades to the applications. An
example is Adaptec’s Easy CD creator version 3.x runs
on Windows 98, but does not run on Windows 2000 Prof.
You need to buy next version (4.x) to work on Windows
You need to ensure the following before the upgrade:
hardware is adequate for upgrading to Windows 2000
check the hardware, software adequacy by running
Winnt32.exe / checkupgradeonly. Note that the switch “checkupgradeonly”
will output a report on the adequacy of hardware and
software. It will also report, if any applications need
upgrade packs. Upgrade packs must be obtained from
respective application vendors, if available. If the
software upgrade pack is not installed for any
application, the application may become unusable.
preparing for dual boot with Windows 2000 Professional,
note the following points:
2000 must be installed on a separate volume. If a
separate volume is not available, repartition the hard
disk suitably, and reformat. You also need to take
you want to have dual boot between Windows NT 4 and
Windows 2000 as the only operating systems, ensure that
Service Pack 4 is installed on Windows NT 4. This is
required since Windows 2000 upgrades the NTFS to NTFS 5.
NT4 requires Service Pack 4 to read and write to NTFS 5.
must install Windows 2000 only after installing MS-DOS
or Windows 95 to prevent MS-DOS or Windows 95.
You can use Regional Options to support additional
languages on your computer. With the support of
additional languages, you will be able to edit documents
written in those languages. You can also set locale
specific to any region using this Option.
You use Scanners and Cameras to install device drivers for
a new scanner or a digital camera. Once the Camera or
Scanner is installed, you can use the Imaging
application to initiate the transfer of images from your
scanner or camera to your Windows 2000 computer. You can
access the Imaging application through Start ->
Programs -> Accessories -> Imaging.
Add/ Remove Hardware is used to install new hardware.
An accessibility option is used to configure the keyboard,
display, and mouse options on a computer to accommodate
the users who are physically handicapped.
The Add/ Remove Programs is used to install / uninstall 3rd
party software. This is also used for installing /
uninstalling Windows 2000 optional components.
The system applet in the Control panel has five tabs.
The Hardware tab allows us to
uninstall, repair, unplug, eject, and configure the
Signing: Here you can indicate as to how to handle files
that are not digitally signed. A digital signature is a
tag that is imprinted on a file, digitally.
manager is tool that enables you to access the hardware
devices installed in your computer, to configure,
manage, and troubleshoot the same.
Hardware tab also allows us to add a hardware profile to
the computer. A hardware profile is a set of devices and
their settings that Windows 2000 starts when we boot the
Virtual memory size can be set by accessing Control Panel
-> System -> Advanced tab. Total virtual memory
available to your computer can be set by changing the
available paging file size. Advanced tab is also used
for setting the “Application” priority. By selecting
the “Application” button, foreground programs are
given more processor resources than the background
You can use Start up and Recovery options in the Advanced
tab of System applet to set the operating system that
gets loaded by default, the time duration in seconds
that the list of operating systems is displayed, etc.
Computer’s name or its workgroup or the domain
membership can be changed using the Network
Identification tab in the System Properties dialog box.
You need to reboot your computer for the change to
Windows 98 supports FAT (FAT16) and FAT32. It doesn’t
support NTFS file system. If you need to install 2000
Professional with Windows 98 on the same partition for
dual boot, you can install either on the FAT file
systems or on the FAT32 for dual boot.
You don’t need to have a network card installed for
successful installation of Windows 2000 Professional.
You can use loop back adapter for this purpose and
proceed with the installation.
When you install Windows 2000 in the same folder as that of
Windows 95/ Windows 98/ Windows NT, the operating system
gets upgraded to Windows 2000.
Blue screen messages are also called STOP messages. You
will not be allowed to proceed, when a blue screen
message appears. The most likely cause of blue screen
1. Boot sector virus
- Pressing F8 during boot process in Windows 2000 desk top bring up the following options:
1. Safe Mode
2. Safe Mode with Networking
3. Safe Mode with Command prompt
4. Enable Boot Logging
5. Enable VGA Mode
6. Last Known Good Configuration
7. Debugging Mode
8. Boot Normally
1. Safe Mode loads only the drivers necessary to get the desktop working. The drivers loaded with Safe Mode include mouse, monitor, keyboard, hard drive, and standard video driver.
2. Safe Mode with Networking is same as Safe Mode with networking enabled.
3. Safe Mode with Command Prompt option loads the command prompt instead of Windows 2000 graphical interface.
4. Enable VGA Mode option loads a standard VGA driver. This option is useful if you have any problem with a newly installed video driver, and revert to a standard VGA display.
5. Last Known Good Configuration enables the desktop to load the configuration that was stored when it was booted successfully last time. However, this option can’t take care of any hardware related problems.
6. The Debugging Mode option runs the Kernel Debugger, if that utility is installed.
7. The Boot Normally is same as not pressing the F8 key. The Windows boots normally.
You can access Computer Management screen through:
System tools can be accessed through “Computer Management” screen. System tools contain the following:
Users and Groups
These are very useful tools to a system administrator.
File names can be 255 characters long on a FAT, FAT32, and
NTFS file systems.
You use Disk Defragmenter to analyze and defragment disk
By default, Windows 2000 stores a user’s profile in the
C:\Documents and Settings\ user_name folder on the
computer the user logs on. When a new user logs on, his
initial user profile is same as that of either the
local, or domain-wide “default user” profile folder.
The local default user profile folder is located in
%root%\Documents and Settings. For example, if you have
installed Windows 2000 in C drive, it is C:\Documents
You can configure support for multiple displays on your
Windows 2000 computer. This is done through the use of
Control Panel -> Display -> Settings. A
Windows 2000 computer can support up to ten display
monitors at the same time. Use additional video cards as
profiles can’t be modified and saved by a user. Though
a user changes his environment during a logon session,
the user profile is set back to the original profile the
next time the user logs on. First creating a roaming
user profile and then renaming the .Dat extension to
.Man extension create a mandatory user profile.
You can't apply file level permissions on a FAT file
system. Only NTFS allows file permissions.
If a user has "Write" NTFS permission to a file,
and the file has "Read" attribute set, the
attribute set to the file (or folder) takes precedence
over the user permissions.
When a file is moved to a different NTFS volume, it
inherits the NTFS permissions from the destination
You can assign the following three printer permissions to
users and groups:
This permission allows a user to connect to a printer
and send print jobs. By default, Everyone group is
assigned this permission.
Printers: A user with this permission, can print, pause,
restart, and share the printer, change spooler settings
and manage printer permissions.
Documents: This permission allows a user to pause,
resume, restart, and delete print jobs. By default,
Creator Owner group is assigned the Manage Documents
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